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Украина на карантине: мониторинг общественных настроений

Ukraine under quarantine: monitoring of public moods

Date posted: 14.04.2020 Print Full version

•    According to the survey carried out by the Sociological Group Rating on 10-12 April, 2020, 51% of respondents believe their households’ economic situation has worsened over the last six months. 42% think it has not changed, 6% notice improvements. At the same time, while assessing changes in the economic situation in the nearest future, 61% have mentioned deterioration over the last month, 35% - lack of changes, and only 3% - improvements. The older and poorer respondents were more pessimistic.

•    Speaking of the country's economic prospects for the next six months, 68% believe the situation will worsen, 13% think it will not change, and 9% foresee improvements.

•    55% of respondents believe President Zelensky's reaction to the threat of coronavirus spread in Ukraine is efficient, 31% share the opposing opinion. With regard to the Ministry of Health, 41% of the polled consider the entity's actions to be efficient, 44% - inefficient. As for the Ministry of Internal Affairs, 39% believe the actions of this institution are efficient, 35% - inefficient, 25% - could not assess. With regard to the effectiveness of Prime Minister D.Shmigal's actions, 43% of the polled found it difficult to answer this question. 28% rated them as efficient, 29% - inefficient. Over the last two weeks, the assessment of the President’s efforts in terms of the coronavirus response efficiency has not changed, while the assessments of the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Internal Affairs they have improved.

•    61% of the polled believe measures taken by the authorities to combat coronavirus are optimal. 17% think they are too soft. 15% are convinced that these measures are too severe. Over the last two weeks, the number of those who think these measures are too soft has decreased (from 28 to 17%), while the number of those who consider them too severe has increased (from 7 to 15%).

•    Almost 70% believe imposed quarantine is efficient; a quarter shares the opposing opinion.

•    54% of respondents positively assess the President-initiated distance education project for school students during quarantine. 17% provide neutral rates, 16% - negative. Only 9% do not know anything about it, 4% could not answer. The residents of the Center, those older people and respondents with higher income assess this initiative relatively better. Speaking of the political forces’ supporters, the highest number of those who criticize the project was recorded among “Shariy Party”, “Radical Party”, “Opposition Platform – Za Zhyttia”, and “European Solidarity” supporters.

•    More than half of the polled said they had limited their going-outs because of quarantine. One-third indicated partial restrictions. Only every tenth said they did not comply with quarantine. Over the last two weeks, these figures have hardly changed. Residents of the West and Center, women, and representatives of the eldest age group have mentioned full self-restraint more often.

•    Despite quarantine, 19% of respondents said they were leaving their houses several times a day, 29% - once a day. At the same time, 42% said they went out only once every few days, and 10% try not to go out at all. Over the last two weeks, these figures have hardly changed.  Women, the eldest respondents, and those with the lowest income mentioned the high level of restrictions on going-outs most often.

•    Among those who have had a job prior to quarantine, 40% indicated that they continued to perform their job as usual after restrictions were imposed. 23% work remotely, 11% are on leave, 18% - on voluntary leave, and 8% have lost their jobs.

•    55% of the polled said their savings should last for less than a month if they stopped earning income. 17% said they would have enough savings for up to 2 months, 8% - up to 3 months, 9% - up to six months and more. 82% said they had started saving money during quarantine, 16% said the opposite. The number of the latter is higher among men and those with higher income.

•    A relative majority (37%) said that in case of income source loss they would most likely search for job or side job, 15% would try to borrow from relatives, 10% would go to protests or riots, 4% are ready to borrow from financial institutions. 14% provided other answers. 16% said they could not face situations of income loss, 13% could not indicate how they would have acted in such a situation. Men, younger people and those with higher income are more likely to search for job/side job if the source of income is lost, while those older and poorer respondents are more likely to protest.

•    27% of respondents are ready to participate in community policing activities on a volunteer basis in cooperation with National Guard or police patrols, while 69% are not ready.

•    70% support a possible decision to continue quarantine measures in case the situation with the coronavirus spread gets worse until June of this year. 23% stand against this measure. The number of the latter is higher among the residents of the South, poorer respondents, and supporters of “Shariy Party”, "Opposition Platform – Za Zhyttia", and "Batkivshchyna".

•    80% of respondents support a possible reinforcement of quarantine measures during the Easter holidays, 75% - during the May holidays. Considering the restrictions on Easter, the number of those who oppose this initiative is higher among the UOC (MP) parishioners and atheists.

•    Over the last two weeks, the number of those in favor of imposing fines for quarantine violations has decreased significantly (from 75% to 55%). Only 25% of the polled support more severe measures (up to imprisonment) imposed on quarantine violators.

•    56% of the polled support the idea of postponing the local elections scheduled for October 2020 to December. 23% oppose such an initiative, 21% could not answer on the matter. 43% do not mind postponing elections to local councils for the next spring, one-third oppose the idea, 24% could not answer. The number of opponents of elections postponing is relatively higher among “Shariy Party” and “Opposition Platform – Za Zhyttia” supporters.

•    The leader of electoral preferences in the elections to the Verkhovna Rada is "Sluha Narodu" party - 38.1% of those who intend to vote and have decided are ready to support it. 15.4% of the polled are ready to support “European Solidarity” party, 14.1% - “Opposition Platform – Za Zhyttia”, 9.1% - “Batkivshchyna”. The rating of other political forces is below 4%. The number of those who have not decided - about 20%.

•    40% of respondents said they were aware that the Verkhovna Rada had recently voted in favor of a law banning the return of nationalized banks to their previous owners, 27% had heard something about it, and 31% did not know anything about it. Half of the respondents support this law, 17% - oppose, 32% - could not answer. The number of these changes supporters is the highest among the oldest respondents, “European Solidarity” and “Holos” supporters.

•    Respondents are more likely to follow the news on the coronavirus situation than the news on politics (72% vs. 43%).

•    85% said they did not plan to go to church on Easter (in March (at the beginning of quarantine) – only 21%). 4% intend to attend church and liturgy, 7% intend to bless the Easter basket only (in March - 39% and 35% respectively). The highest number of those who plan to take personal part in the Easter liturgies and Easter consecrations has been recorded among the residents of the West, rural residents, UOC (MP) and UGCC parishioners.

•    64% plan to watch Easter liturgies online, 31% do not plan. The number of those who intend to watch liturgies is relatively higher among the residents of the West, rural citizens, elderly people, women, and UGCC parishioners.

•    Two-thirds of the polled believe the authorities are responsible for introducing additional quarantine measures during the Easter holidays (38% - local authorities, 34% - central authorities). Only 11% believe the restrictions should be taken by churches’ representatives.

•    55% of respondents do not intend to visit cemeteries during Memorial Days. At the same time, 8% intend to go on a day when the church holds liturgy there, and 32% intend to visit cemeteries on the days other than holidays when there are no people there. The number of the latter is the highest among the residents of West and South, rural citizens, men, and UOC (MP) and UGCC parishioners.

Audience: residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older in all regions except for the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Donbas. The sample is representative in terms of age, gender, region, and settlement type. Method of the survey: CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviews). Based on a random sampling of mobile phone numbers. Total sample: 2000 respondents. The margin of error with confidence level 0.95 does not exceed 2,2%. Period if the survey: 10-12 April, 2020

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