The Sociological group "Rating" starts a new project "Politicians’ features", which will hopefully become a kind of mirror, where politicians will be able to look at themselves through the eyes of voters - their direct employers.
The start of the project is dedicated to the new political season, which is deciding in many ways. That is why we used May-June 2011 data for the analysis – and thus before Tymoshenko’s investigative isolation ward and possible new turns in the Gongadze case, before unifying processes between Tihipko and the Party of Regions and another attempt to consolidate the opposition, and much more.
The next wave of research, which is planned for October-November, may possibly reveal other features of politicians, but it will already be another story.
Currently, we offer to look into features of politicians, whose parties (at least in early summer) formed the top five of the rating: V. Yanukovych, Y. Tymoshenko, A. Yatsenyuk, S. Tihipko and O. Tiahnybok.
Thus, V. Yanukovych and Y. Tymoshenko are, above all, strong leaders (20% and 26% of respondents think so, respectively). According to this position they are at least twice ahead of S. Tihipko, A. Yatsenyuk and O. Tiahnybok. Interestingly, Y. Tymoshenko and V. Yanukovych are considered strong leaders both in the West and in Donbas.
V. Yanukovych has a team of professionals (14%) and he yields to none according to this position. As for other inherent features of the current head of the state, respondents believe he is more religious (8%), reliable (5%) and able to compromise with opponents (8%) than other politicians.
At the same time, Y. Tymoshenko speaks intelligible words (11%), worries about the likes of me (6%), protects the state (5%). The same numbers of respondents believe that V. Yanukovych and Y. Tymoshenko worthily represent Ukraine in the world (10%), fulfill their promises (8%), care about family values (4%).
S. Tihipko knows how to manage the economy (13%).
A. Yatsenyuk can bring changes (13%), has an effective program of the development of the country (8%).
O. Tiahnybok is a patriot (11%), cares about national traditions and culture (10%).
All of this applies to positive features. Instead, a significant number of respondents noted negative features of politicians.
Thus, 37% of respondents noted that V. Yanukovych cares only about power, almost as many respondents (35%) have a similar opinion about Y. Tymoshenko, 27% - about S. Tihipko, 22% - about A. Yatsenyuk and O. Tiahnybok. Interestingly, there is a sufficient number of respondents who believe that V. Yanukovych and Y. Tymoshenko care only about power both in the West and in Donbas. Thus, almost a quarter of respondents in the West and more than 40% in Donbas have this opinion about Y. Tymoshenko. And at the same time, almost 30% of respondents in Donbas and almost 50% of respondents in the West have such an opinion about V. Yanukovych.
Unfortunately, only 1% to 3% of respondents believe that five politicians mentioned above have such a feature as honesty. However, 34% of respondents believe that Y. Tymoshenko speaks lies, almost as many (31%) have the same opinion about V. Yanukovych, 19% - about S. Tihipko, 14% - about A. Yatsenyuk and O. Tiahnybok. Almost 40% of residents of the South, the East and Donbas believe that Y. Tymoshenko speaks lies. Similarly, almost 40% of residents of the West, the North and the Centre have the same opinion about V. Yanukovych.
Almost the same number of respondents (about a quarter) believes that V. Yanukovych and Y. Tymoshenko are prone to corruption. 12% have the same opinion about S. Tihipko, 9% - about A. Yatsenyuk and O. Tiahnybok.
It should be noted that 10% of respondents could not decide on features inherent to V. Yanukovych and Y. Tymoshenko. A lot more respondents appeared uncertain about features of S. Tihipko (20%), A. Yatsenyuk (24%) and O. Tiahnybok (26%), which are relatively new politicians for respondents, and therefore have better chances to prove themselves on the positive side or not to uncover themselves fully.
Quite interesting was the analysis of politicians’ features through the eyes of the voters of their political parties - something that they are actually supported for.
Thus, according to supporters of the Party of Regions, V. Yanukovych is a strong leader (49%), which has a team of professionals (39%), knows how to manage the economy (37%) and fulfills his promises (33%).
According to supporters of Batkivshchyna, Y. Tymoshenko is a strong leader (57%), who worthily represents Ukraine in the world (40%), speaks intelligible words (40%) and fulfills her promises (33%).
Thus, V. Yanukovych and Y. Tymoshenko have common features in the eyes of their voters: they are strong leaders and fulfill their promises, although these features are better developed with Y. Tymoshenko. However, politicians have distinctive features too: V. Yanukovych has a team of professionals and knows how to manage the economy, and Y. Tymoshenko worthily represents Ukraine in the world and speaks intelligible words. And though V. Yanukovych knows how to manage the economy, supporters of Y. Tymoshenko believe that she cares about the likes of them more. At the same time, V. Yanukovych has a better ability to compromise with opponents, he is more reliable and religious, but Y. Tymoshenko can protect the state and cares about family values.
S. Tihipko and A. Yatsenyuk also have similar features in the eyes of the voters of their political parties. They both know how to manage the economy (S. Tihipko knows it better - 53% vs. 49%), can bring changes (A. Yatsenyuk can do it better - 51% vs. 40%) have an effective program of the country’s development (A. Yatsenyuk - 42%, S. Tihipko - 38%). Leadership skills of both politicians are not appraised highly by the voters.
However, these politicians have their distinctions too. The main feature of S. Tihipko, according to his supporters, is the team of professionals (39%), and in this he is similar to V. Yanukovych through the perception of the voters. However, in A. Yatsenyuk the ability to speak intelligible words is more appreciated (46%), and in this he is similar to Y. Tymoshenko through the perception of the voters; yet his supporters can hardly see his team (only 16%).
A. Yatsenyuk is able to compromise with opponents better and is more reliable; in this he is similar to V. Yanukovych through the perception of supporters. Instead, in S. Tihipko voters appreciate his ability to fulfill promises and worthily represent their country, and in this he is similar to Y. Tymoshenko.
O. Tiahnybok, for the voters of Freedom, is in the first place, a patriot (57%). People also appreciate that he cares about national traditions (48%), his leadership qualities (47%) and ability to bring changes (47%). He is a believer and in this he is similar to V. Yanukovych through the perception of the voters; he speaks intelligible words and keeps his promises - and in this he is similar to Y. Tymoshenko; he can bring changes - and in this he is similar to A. Yatsenyuk. Instead, such feature as the ability to manage the economy is practically undeveloped; he is also unable to compromise with opponents and does not have an effective program of development of the country.
Thus, Ukrainian politicians are so alike and at the same time so different...
To be continued
The target audience of the research: the population of Ukraine aged from 18 and older. Optional quantity: 2000 respondents. The methods of investigation: personal formalized interview according to the questionnaire (face to face). Measure of inaccuracy for the values close to 50% is less than 2,2%, for the values close to 30% – less than 2%, for the values close to 10% – less than 1,3. The period of completion: 26 of May - 2 of June 2011
The oblast’ distribution:
West: Volyns’ka, Transcarpathia, Ivano–Frankivs’ka, L’vivs’ka, Rivnens’ka, Ternopil’s’ka, Chernivets’ka.
Centre: Vinnyts’ka, Kirovograds’ka, Poltavs’ka, Khmel’nyts’ka, Cherkas’ka.
North: Kyiv, Kyivs’ka, Zhytomyrs’ka, Sums’ka, Chernihivs’ka.
South: AR Crimea, Odes’ka, Khersons’ka, Mykolaivs’ka, Sevastopol
East: Dnipropetrovs’ka, Zaporiz’ka, Kharkivs’ka.
Donbass: Donets’ka, Luhans’ka.