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Энергетическая сфера Украины: социологические измерения

Energy sector of Ukraine: sociological dimensions (18-23 December, 2019)

Date posted: 29.01.2020 Print Full version

•    According to the survey carried out by the Sociological Group Rating on December 18-23, 2019, among the main utilities, respondents are most satisfied with the quality of electricity supply services (76%); 22% are still unsatisfied. More than half of the polled are satisfied with the gas supply, garbage collection, and cold water supply, about a quarter are not satisfied with them. One-third of the respondents are satisfied with the cleaning of areas near buildings, a quarter is not satisfied, more than one-third do not use this services. 30% are satisfied with heating, 22% are not satisfied, 45% don’t use. Only 17% are satisfied with the hot water supply, the same number are not satisfied, 63% - don’t use.

•    With regard to the assessment of utilities’ costs, the situation is as follows: among the services’ users, the cost of heating, gas, and hot water is the most critical in terms of income. At least two-thirds of those who use these services consider their price to be high. Half of the polled think the same regarding electricity supply; nevertheless, about 40% consider the price of electricity to be average for the population. The situation is similar with cold water supply. Respondents are less critical about the cost of cleaning of the areas near buildings and garbage collection: about 40% consider the price for these services to be average, one-third - high. Assessments of the utilities prices are correlated with the level of income and age of the respondents: the worse the financial situation of the respondents and the older they are, the more negatively the cost of services affects the family budget. At the same time, those who are more satisfied with the quality of the services are more loyal to their cost.

•    Only 12% of the respondents consider Ukraine to be a completely energy-independent country. Half of the polled believe that considering this issue our country is partly dependent from other states, 23% think it is completely dependent. The latter opinion is most widely supported among those with the lowest income and those in favor for joining the Customs Union with Russia. Over the last year and a half, there has been a decrease in the number of those who claim that Ukraine is fully energy independent (20% in July, 2018).

•    A quarter of the polled believe that over the last year Ukraine has become more dependent on the energy resources of other countries, 17% think the opposite. 40% believe that nothing has changed. In July, 2018, there were a quarter of those who thought that our state was becoming more autonomous in the energy sector. Regarding energy dependence on Russia, respondents' opinions vary as follows: a quarter of them think that Ukraine has become more independent from the Russian Federation in the energy sector over the year, 34% say that nothing has changed, and 24% say that the level of dependence has increased. Compared to 2018, the number of those who believe that Ukraine is heading toward energy independence from Russia has decreased (45% in July, 2018).

•    40% of the respondents believe that Ukraine produces electricity on its own; almost the same number thinks that partially the electricity is produced in our country, and partially – purchased abroad. As for gas and oil products, the situation is quite different: only 3-4% think that Ukraine produces/extracts them independently. Regarding gas, 57% are convinced that Ukraine produces some part of this energy resource and purchases another. As for oil products, 41% believe that our country imports them, 36% think that Ukraine possesses its own production of oil products, while part of them is still purchased.

•    Two-thirds of the respondents take either positive or neutral position on the issue of Ukraine's imports of gas and oil products from Europe and Belarus. Nevertheless, every fourth to fifth reveal negative attitude towards this issue. The attitude towards gas imports from Russia is more critical: about 40% are negative, about a quarter are either positive or neutral. Negative attitude towards imports from Europe prevails among the residents of the East, older respondents, and those with lower income. With regard to the imports from Russia, similar attitude prevails in the West of the country.

•    The respondents’ attitude towards the import of electricity from other countries is more critical. Despite the positive and neutral attitude towards import from Europe and Belarus (26-29% - positive, 27-30% - neutral), the number of critics compared to the issue of gas or oil products imports (35-37%) are higher. In terms of electricity imports from Russia, 55% are negative. Only 18% are positive, 21% neutral. The residents of the South and East are more critical towards the issue of electricity imports from Europe; the residents of the Center and West think the same about the imports from Russia.

•    Almost two-thirds of the polled do not support the decision to resume electricity imports from Russia, 29% support the idea. This decision was most heavily criticized by the respondents from the West and Center. Among the residents of the South and East, this decision was also ambiguously perceived.

•    65% believe that the decision to resume electricity imports from Russia is profitable mainly for the oligarchs. Only 11% think it will benefit the population of Ukraine, 8% - industrial enterprises.

•    The issue of assessing energy imports from Russia in terms of national security divides people in some ways: about 40% consider it as a threat; almost the same number does not think so. Regarding the issue of energy purchases in European countries, this idea is not perceived as a threat by the majority of the population (64%). Residents of the South and East of the country are more loyal in terms of the energy imports from the Russian Federation.

•    Half to two-thirds of the polled do not know anything about the activities of key energy officials. Thus, 58% do not know anything about the activities of the Minister of Energy and Environment Oleksiy Orzhel. 20% assess his performance negatively, 14% - neutrally, 3% - positively. 50% do not know about the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Energy, Housing and Communal Services Andriy Gerus. 27% assess his performance negatively, 14% - neutrally, 3% - positively. 59% do not know about the Chairman of the National Commission for State Regulation of Energy and Communal Services Valeriy Tarasyuk. 20% assess his activities negatively, 13% - neutrally, only 2% - positively. Negative attitudes toward these officials are prevalent within senior age group.

Audience: residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older. The sample is representative in terms of age, gender, region, and settlement type. Total sample: 2000 respondents. Personal formalized interview (face-to-face). The margin of error does not exceed 2.2%. Period of the survey: 18-23 December, 2019

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