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ЛЕТО-2011: как планируют его провести украинцы?

SUMMER-2011: how do Ukrainians plan to spend it?

Date posted: 14.06.2011 Print Full version

According to the research conducted by the Sociological group "Rating" in early June 2011, 40% of respondents plan to rest (to spend the vacation) at home this summer, 10% - in another city (village) of Ukraine.

However, 17% of Ukrainians plan to have rest at the Black Sea this summer, 8% - at the Azov Sea, 5% - in the Carpathians, 2% - in Transcarpathia, and 3% plan to spend the vacation abroad this summer.

At the same time every sixth Ukrainian will likely not have rest this summer.

For 45% of respondents the sea is the most favorite holiday destination, 22% - a river or a lake, 14% - a forest, 7% - mountains, 4% - other. 8% - could not decide on this issue.

Thus, over two-thirds of Ukrainians like to rest on water.

Only a third of those who like to rest at the sea most of all, can afford a trip to the Black Sea this year, 13% - to the Azov Sea and 4% - abroad. The rest (over a half) will be mostly forced to stay at home.

 Accordingly, among favorite kinds of recreation 39% of respondents mentioned rest at the sea, and 24% - rest in the country.

19% of respondents like to rest in a summer house or in the garden, 15% - to receive treatment in health resorts.

14% - choose cognitive rest, related with excursions, visiting sights, museums, etc. 13% - choose traveling.

14% of respondents named fishing among favorite kinds of rest, 4% - hiking, 4% - rest in the mountains, 2% - hunting.

The most favorite kind of transport among Ukrainians is a car (45%), followed by a train (27%) and a bus (22%).

Only 6% of Ukrainians like to travel by bike, 5% - by plane, 2% - by motorcycle, 1% - hitchhiking. However, 6% of respondents do not like any of these kinds of transport.

DEMOGRAPHIC PECULIARITIES

Thus, women like the sea more than men, and men like to relax on a river. Accordingly, fishing is the second most favorite kind of recreation among men (26%) and among women it is one of the least popular (3%). In addition, rest in a summer house or in a health resort is more popular among women, while rest in the country, hiking, mountains and hunting - among men. Despite the fact that traveling is more popular among men, women like cognitive rest more.

Men prefer traveling by car, bicycle and motorcycle, while women – by train and by bus.

Another interesting point. Only 35% of men plan to stay at home this summer, while among women there are 43% of these. Men plan to vacation at the sea and in the Carpathians more often than women.

The sea is the most favorite vacation destination of young and middle-aged people. The river and the forest - of elderly people. Mountains are also more popular among youth.

The older are the respondents, the more of them plan to stay at home this summer (only 25% - among young people and nearly 60% - among elderly people). In addition, the older are the respondents, the more of them will not have a vacation this summer (only 10% - among young people and nearly a quarter - among elderly people). Thus, Ukrainian pensioners who already have the "retired" status either do not have the opportunity to rest or do not know how to do it.

 A quarter of youth plans to rest at the Black Sea this summer, 13% - at the Azov Sea, 4% - abroad. Among pensioners only 5% plan to visit the Black Sea, less than 1% - the Azov Sea.

 A few interesting points. The older are the respondents, the more popular is treatment in health resorts, in the country or in the garden among them. Cognitive rest is equally popular among young people (18-29 years), middle-aged people (30-39 years) and elderly people (40-49 years).

Traveling, hiking and recreation in the mountains are a lot more popular among young people. Rest in the country - among middle-aged people, hunting and fishing - among elderly people, who have not reached the retirement age yet (40-49 years and 50-59 years).

Youth and middle-aged people prefer traveling by car. Elderly people - by train and by bus. Traveling by motorcycle and hitchhiking are only enjoyed by young people. Almost a quarter of pensioners do not like to travel by any kind of transport.

Interestingly, people with higher education prefer cars, trains and planes for transportation. People with higher income only prefer cars.

The higher is the educational level of respondents, the more popular are cognitive leisure, traveling, rest  in the mountains and at the sea among them.

Summer house recreation is the most popular among people with secondary education. Similarly - fishing and hunting. People with the lowest educational level like to receive treatment in health resorts most of all (as noted earlier, they are mostly elderly people with low levels of income); they perceive rest according to old, Soviet era standards.

Summer house recreation and fishing are especially popular among people with relatively low incomes, while the sea, traveling, mountains, and cognitive rest - among people with higher incomes. At the same time, both poorer and richer people enjoy having rest in the country, thus, this kind of recreation is the most universal.

Thus, this summer wealthier citizens will more likely have rest at the sea (one quarter – at the Black Sea, 18% - at the Azov Sea, 5% - abroad) as well as travel within Ukraine (18%). While less wealthy people will, unfortunately, spend summer at home, or will not have any rest at all. One in five respondents who are unemployed believe that this summer they will not have rest. Consequently, they have neither work nor rest and this is definitely sad.

In conclusion, we want to note that residents of the South, the East and Donbas plan to rest at the sea this summer. Residents of the South and the East – at the Black Sea, and residents of Donbas – at the Azov Sea. Residents of the West are the least interested in the Black sea, and especially in the Azov Sea.

Nevertheless, nearly a half of residents of the West and the Centre plans to rest at home. The only difference is that, in the first case, a considerable part is going to rest in the Carpathians (for the majority it is their home), and in the second case – they will most likely not have rest this summer at all.

The least number of people who are going to work this summer, live in the North. Many of them are going to travel around the country.

Accordingly, city dwellers often plan to spend their vacations at the sea or traveling, while rural residents – will mostly stay at home.

Residents of Donbas and the South like the sea most of all. Residents of the Centre - the river or the lake. People in the North, in Donbas and in the West like to have rest in the forest, while mountains are only loved in the West.

Accordingly, fishing is the most popular in the Center of the country (fishing is the least popular in Donbas). Rest in the country is liked by residents of the West and the Centre most of all (here it is loved even more than the sea).

Residents of the West like traveling more than others, and summer house recreation - less than others. Health resorts are the most attractive to residents of the Center and Donbas. However, residents of Donbas and the East are attracted to cognitive rest related to excursions and museums more than others.

The majority of residents of the West, the Centre and the South would choose a car to travel, and residents of Donbas would choose a train.

Residents of the North like to travel by bicycle more than others. The same applies to planes. People in the Center and in Donbas prefer traveling by bus.

The target audience of the research: the population of Ukraine aged from 18 and older. Optional quantity: 2000 respondents. The methods of investigation: personal formalized interview according to the questionnaire (face to face). Measure of inaccuracy for the values close to 50% is less than 2,2%, for the values close to 30% – less than 2%, for the values close to 10% – less than 1,3. The period of completion: 26 of May - 2 of June 2011

The oblast’ distribution:

West: Volyns’ka, Transcarpathia, Ivano–Frankivs’ka, L’vivs’ka, Rivnens’ka, Ternopil’s’ka, Chernivets’ka.
Centre: Vinnyts’ka, Kirovograds’ka, Poltavs’ka, Khmel’nyts’ka, Cherkas’ka.
North: Kyiv, Kyivs’ka, Zhytomyrs’ka, Sums’ka, Chernihivs’ka.
South: AR Crimea, Odes’ka, Khersons’ka, Mykolaivs’ka, Sevastopol
East: Dnipropetrovs’ka, Zaporiz’ka, Kharkivs’ka.
Donbass: Donets’ka, Luhans’ka.

Other research: