According to the results of the Sociological group "Rating" research, among those who have worked abroad during the last 5 years, the majority (77%) has left to perform seasonal works, only 15% have worked on a regular basis, 7% – have had other types of work.
One-third of the polled has worked abroad this year, one-fourth – last year, at the same time, every fifth – 5 years ago.
Almost one-third (31%) has stayed abroad for work for about six months, 21% – few months, 15% – more than a year, 14% each – up to 1 year or few years, 5% – did not respond to this question.
Among those who have worked in the EU countries, the number of regular basis workers is somewhat bigger as compared to those who have worked in Russia. Also, at regular basis work more women and respondents with higher education have been engaged.
The most of the polled have moved to work in Poland – 36%, second place – Russia (25%), 5% each – the Czech Republic and Germany, 3% – Italy, the others – other countries, mainly in Western Europe. Almost 30% of respondents renounced to answer this question.
Among the inhabitants of the West and Center, the majority has worked in Poland; among the inhabitants of the South and especially East – in Russia.
Among those who have worked abroad, almost the half has performed in the field of building and repair (43%), half as much (23%) – agricultural works, 10% – housekeeping, 3% each – IT, children care, restaurant business (cooks, waiters, cleanings up). 2% each – hotel business workers, office workers, medical personnel. 1% each – janitors and services sphere workers (hairdressers, masseurs, masters).
The majority of those who have worked in the field of building have performed in Russia, while in the EU countries respondents have worked mainly as agricultural workers and housekeepers.
The majority of the polled is content with the level of earnings received while working abroad (19% – highly satisfied, 62% – rather satisfied). The East of the country is the most dissatisfied with the size of earnings.
18% of the polled personally faced the fraud cases in Ukraine while processing official documents for employment abroad, 78% – did not face, 4% – not determined.
One-third (31%) of the polled personally faced the disparity between the declared terms of employment and actual terms in place of work abroad, 58% – did not face, 11% – did not answer this question.
35% of the polled have worked abroad officially, 61% – unofficially, 4% – did not provide an answer.
Most of those who have worked abroad officially are among the workers from the East (44%), least – from the South (27%). Among those who have worked in the EU countries, there are twice as much of official workers (36%) as compared to those who have worked in Russia. There is more of officially hired among senior age respondents and among those with higher education.
More of those who personally faced the disparity between the declared terms of employment and actual terms in place of work abroad are among men, senior age people, and those who have worked in the EU countries.
Among the most frequently faced problems while working abroad, the polled marked a language barrier and feeling of “second-rankness” (27% each). Other 22% marked the lack of a contract with an employer, 18% each - inappropriate housing conditions and medical assistance problems. 13% declared the unpaid overtime work, 11% faced a work payment refusal, 8% - discrimination on a national basis, 6% -problems with the guards, 2% - problems with the racket and crime. At the same time, more than one-third (38%) declared that they have had no problems while working abroad.
Feeling of second-rankness (33%), language barrier (39%), and problems with the medical assistance (30%) prevailed as the problems among those who have worked in the EU countries, while for those who have worked in Russia the first place took poor housing conditions (30%), then – lack of a contract with an employer (27%). More than half of those who have worked in Russia have had no any problems, while among those who have worked in the EU countries the number of such is only 30%.
The majority (71%) of the workers would like to work abroad again in the future, 11% – rather would not like, 5% – definitely would not like, 13% – not determined.
The most of the respondents would like to work in Germany (23%) and Poland (22%), about 10% – in Italy, the USA, England, 6-7% each – in the Czech Republic and Russia. 18% – not determined.
The most of the respondents need help referring questions of work search (32%), visa receipt (28%), and medical service (25%). Of less priority are questions of adaptation to the living conditions of other country (20%), defense of man’s rights and freedoms abroad (18%), legal advice (15%), negotiations with a potential employer (13%), habitation search (13%), arrival to the place of residence or work (12%), insurance (10%). 9% marked that they do not need any help, 7% - not determined.
Among those who have worked in the EU countries, there are more of those who would need help in the receipt of the visa, adaptation to the living conditions in a country, and legal advice. But among those who have worked in Russia, there are more of those who would wish for a help in medical services and insurance.
Among those who have worked unofficially, there are relatively more of those who would need help in work search and negotiations with a potential employer. But among those who have worked officially, there are more of those who would like to have help with medical services and legal advice.
Audience: respondents who have worked abroad during the last 5 years. Total sample: 436 respondents. Personal formalized interview (face-to-face). The margin of error does not exceed 5%. Period of the survey: 1-10 December 2016