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Особенности отношения украинцев к деньгам

Features of the Ukrainians ' attitudes towards money

Date posted: 21.03.2017 Print Full version

 According to the results of the Sociological group "Rating" research in February 2017, the polled most of all agree with the opinion that "Money is freedom and a sense of security" (index 1.9), somewhat less – with such theses as "Money is status and power" (index 1.7) and "Money is to be saved and controlled" (index 1.4), much less – with a statement "Money is the image and respect" (index 0.5). The idea that "Money is evil" is not supported by the respondents (index -0.8).

The vast majority of the respondents agree that money is important (90%), availability of savings allows you to feel safer (87%), money is good (85%), and money gives freedom and independence (79%).

82% of the polled agree that money is a symbol of status in a modern society, 80% admit that money is power, somewhat more than 70% believe that money gives an opportunity to achieve anything.
 
The vast majority of the respondents (74%) consider themselves spending money frugally and planning expenses carefully; 64% believe that time is money (almost a quarter – undecided on their attitude).
 
Two-thirds of the polled appreciate money a lot, somewhat less (61%) believe that money can give you the opportunity to be the one you want to be.
 
Almost a half believes that money makes the other people respect them; one-third disagrees with this. 46% of the respondents admit that money is the most important thing in their lives, and almost as many (41%) do not support this idea. 40% think that money can help making a lot of friends, somewhat more (43%) do not believe in this statement.
 
One-third (32%) of the polled believes that money is the root of all evils, while almost a half (48%) disagrees with this statement. Only 27% state that money is evil, while more than a half (52%) disagrees. 16% believe that money is indecent, at the same time, two-thirds (68%) do not think so.
 
The statements that the availability of savings allows feeling safer and money is important received the greatest support among the respondents; the money is indecent – the smallest support.
 
The opinion that money is status and power is the most supported in the East, the least supported – in the West. The residents of the East and Centre are closer to the idea of the necessity to save and control money. It is interesting that in the West, the support of the views that money is freedom and a sense of security, as well as money is image and respect is the lowest; at the same time, the number of those who disagree with the statement that money is evil is the smallest here.
 
The younger respondents as compared to the older are three times more inclined to share the view that money is the image and respect. Still, older people are twice as likely to agree that money is evil. The idea that money is to be saved and controlled is closer to the older generation. 
Women as compared to men are more inclined to think that money is to be saved and controlled and less inclined to share the opinion that money provides the image and respect. Both of the genders believe that money is freedom and a sense of security.
 
The wealthier people, the less they believe that the money is to be saved and controlled and the more they support the view that the money gives status and power, image and freedom. In contrast, the poorest are half as much likely to disagree that money is evil and show the lowest support for the idea that money is the image and respect.
 
A half of the polled Ukrainians (54%) believes that being poor is not a shame, however, one-third (31%) thinks the opposite. The vast majority of the respondents (72%) believe that being rich is not a shame.
 
In the East, there is the biggest support for the ideas that being poor is a shame and being rich – not a shame. The older the respondents, the more they believe that being poor is a shame, and the less that it is a shame to be rich. Men are somewhat more ashamed both of the poverty and wealth as compared to women.
 
40% of the polled would like to be considered a rich person, at the same time, as many (41%) – would not like, 19% – undecided.
 
The smallest number of those who would like to be considered a rich person is recorded in the East; however, the highest number of those who have not decided is also recorded over there (one-third). Among the urban citizens and men, there are somewhat more of those who would like to would like to be considered a rich person than among the rural citizens and women. The younger the respondents, the more among them of those who would like to be considered rich. 
 
A half of the polled (52%) agree that rich people can become successful and effective politicians, one-third has the opposite opinion, 16% – undecided.
 
In the East and West, there is the highest number of those who believe that rich people can be successful and effective politicians (61% and 58% respectively), in the South – the smallest number (43%). The younger the respondents, the higher their level of education and income, the more they are inclined to share this statement.
 
The respondents feel the most comfortable communicating with people of approximately the same level of income (92%), somewhat less comfortable – with people of lower incomes (84%), the least comfortable – with people of higher incomes (65%).
 
The residents of the East feel relatively less comfortable communicating with people of higher and lower incomes as compared to the residents of other regions. At the same time, in the Center, people are the most relaxed towards communicating with wealthier people.
14% of the polled believe that money they earn is enough for them, 27% – somewhat not enough, more than a half (56%) – definitely not enough. At the same time, the vast majority of the respondents (89%) would like to earn more.
 
In the West of the country, the number of those who are satisfied with the amount of earned money is somewhat higher as compared to the other regions. The older the respondents and the higher their income, the highest number of those who are satisfied with the amount of earned money among them is; the number of such is also higher among men than among women.
 
The majority (62%) of the polled believe that the optimal working day should last 8 hours, 27% – stand for a shorter working day (6-7 hours), only 2% do not mind working 10 hours and more.
 
The number of those who support the shorter working day (6-7 hours) is higher in the West and Centre of the country. Shorter workday also is more supported among the rural residents, women, younger respondents, and those whose level of education is higher. Interestingly, low-income and poor people are more inclined to support the short working day as compared to those with higher incomes.
More than a half (56%) of the respondents is ready to work overtime to earn extra money, one-third (32%) – not ready.
 
The highest number of those who are ready to work more for extra money is recorded in the West, the least number – in the East. The younger the respondents and the higher their income level, the more they are inclined to work overtime to earn extra money; the number of such is also higher among men than among women.
 
 
Audience: residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older. The sample is representative in terms of age, gender, region, and settlement type. Total sample: 2000 respondents. Personal formalized interview (face-to-face). The margin of error does not exceed 2,2%. Period of the survey: 9-19 February 2017

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