According to the research carried out by the Sociological Group "Rating", only 24% of the Ukrainians consider themselves venturesome. 75% of the respondents believe that they do not have such a feature. The number of venturesome people is higher among the urban residents, males, younger people, employed, and those with higher education level.
46% of the polled have a positive attitude towards gambling games that do not involve monetary bets or winnings. The best attitude towards this form of entertainment is recorded in the South. Also, more favorable to such games are urban residents, males, younger respondents, and those with higher income. At the same time, only 11% reported a positive attitude towards gambling for money. Generally, the higher the level of education and income, the better an attitude towards gambling.
Over 70% believe that gambling may lead to an addiction; every fifth respondent somewhat agree with this point. Along with that, only 2-4% of the polled mentioned that they personally or their relatives have become dependent in such a way.
74% of the respondents believe that in case of becoming dependent on gambling, the responsibility for this lies first of all on the persons themselves. 22% reported that the responsibility should be borne by the organizer of such entertainment.
67% of the respondents believe that an adult person has the right to gamble for money, 27% share the opposite opinion. Males, urban residents, younger respondents, and those with higher education level and income are more convinced that an adult person has the right to decide whether to play or not gambling games.
Among the gambling games the most favorable attitude is recorded towards lotteries – 32% support such a kind of entertainment; at the same time, 60% do not support. 17% report positive attitude towards bookmaking, 76% − negative. Positive attitude towards casino is stated by 13%, negative − by 83%; towards online casino − 8% and 86% respectively, playing cards for money − 8% and 88%, slot machines − 7% and 91%. The older the respondents and the lower their income, the worse their attitude towards different types of gambling.
83% of the respondents reported that they have not played any gambling games for money over the last five years. At the same time, 17% said they have had such an experience at least once over this period. Urban residents, males, younger people, and those with higher income have played for money somewhat more. Among those who consider themselves venturesome, there is almost a half of such.
Among the games for money played by the respondents over the last five years, the most often mentioned is lottery (23% stated that they have had such an experience). On the other hand, other games have been played not so often. 8% of the respondents have made bets in bookmakers’ offices at least once over five years, 8% – have played on slot machines, 7% – cards for money, 4% – online casino, 3% – casino. Younger people and those with higher income have played more often over the last five years.
Answering the question «Would you like to play such gambling games for money in the future?» the respondents chose such kind of games as lottery the most often among the above mentioned options (21%). Only 9% of the respondents would like to make bets in bookmakers’ offices, play in casino – 8%, cards for money – 6%, slot machine – 5%, online casino – 5%. Younger people and those with higher income showed more desire to play gambling games in the future.
87% of the respondents are aware about the ban on gambling business in Ukraine, 13% – are not aware. 73% of the polled support the ban, 22% – do not support. The number of ban supporters is higher among the older people, females, and less wealthy people.
At the same time, the assessment of the consequences of gambling business ban is oppositely different from the assessment of the ban support. Only 17% believe that it was successful, while 71% say it was rather or completely unsuccessful. 79% of the respondents consider that the ban has contributed to the transition of this activity into the informal sector of economy (13% do not think so); 57% believe that it has led to the state and local budgets revenues decrease (27% do not think so); 43% are convinced that the ban has led to the workplaces number decrease, at the same time, nearly as many have the opposite opinion. Almost a half are convinced that such governmental actions have not decreased the number of people who spend money on gambling (40% have a different opinion). 57% believe that the ban has not helped to reduce the number of gambling addicted people; at the same time, 33% state the opposite.
Among the gambling games which might be permitted in Ukraine, 58% of the respondents mentioned the lotteries. 25% have a similar point of view referring bets in bookmakers’ offices, 18% − casino, 11% − online casino, 9% − slot machines, and 7% − cards for money. At the same time, one-third of the polled believes that none of these games should be allowed in Ukraine. The younger and the wealthier the respondents, the more loyal they are towards different kinds of gambling games and their permission in Ukraine.
45% believe that there is no any advantage from the possible legalization of gambling business in Ukraine. On the other hand, 38% report that as a result of legalization the state could get extra money paid by gambling business as taxes. Every fifth argues that legalization would help reducing corruption in this sphere or creating new workplaces. 12% believe that a permission to conduct gambling business would attract foreign tourists to Ukraine; the same number states the contribution to the development of entrepreneurship.
34% of the respondents consider that one of the conditions of gambling business legalization is the creation of special areas (such as Las Vegas in the USA) where it would be allowed to build gambling establishments. 29% argue that legalization is possible through the establishment for the companies engaged in the gambling business of high fines, or full revocation of license for business rules violation (for example, admission of minors, dependent people, etc.). 22% think that establishing gambling halls should be allowed only in expensive hotels in order to limit the game audience to only wealthy citizens. 21% are convinced that one of the legalization conditions must be the establishment of a mandatory ban on visits to gambling establishments for the persons who belong to gambling addicted (for example, at the request of the family or law enforcement bodies). Only 8% believe that it is possible to legalize gambling business in case of complete freedom of entrepreneurs except for paying taxes. Nevertheless, 36% still report that legalization is unacceptable under any circumstances.
A quarter of the respondents consider that only Ukrainian companies might be allowed to enter the gambling market of Ukraine in case of its legalization in the nearest future, 7% think that such permission can be granted to the EU companies, 2% − USA, and less than 1% − Russia. 20% believe that it is not necessary to make any restrictions for companies from any country in the world. At the same time, 40% report that such permission cannot be granted to anyone at all.
Respondents: residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older. The sample is representative in terms of age, gender, region, and place of residence. Total sample: 2000 respondents. Personal formalized interview (face-to-face). The margin of error does not exceed 2,2%. Period of the survey: 17-27 March 2017