According to the research conducted by the Sociological group "Rating" in March 2012, a slight reduction of citizens’ protest moods is recorded. As before, social issues can arouse stronger protests than ideological ones.
READINESS FOR PROTESTS
36% of citizens are ready to personally defend their rights and interests by participating in protest actions, incl. 13% - definitely ready. For comparison, last April there were somewhat more (40%) people who were ready to defend their rights in protest actions, incl. 17% who were definitely ready for this.
However, 55% are not ready to participate in protests (in April the number was 51%). Other 10% could not answer the question.
Traditionally, the highest readiness for protests is in the West (54%). A lot fewer people are ready for protests in the North (36%), in the South (33%), in the Center (32%) of Ukraine. Even fewer - in Donbas (28%) and in the East 24%).
As compared to last April the level of citizens’ protest activity only increased in the West and in the South of the country.
Among voters the highest readiness for protests is observed among supporters of Freedom (65%) and Batkivshchyna (52%), UDAR (49%) and Front for Change (48%). The lowest – among supporters of Civil Position, the Party of Regions, the CPU and among "undecided".
It should be noted that the highest readiness for protests is observed among working people, people with average incomes and average education. There is a slight reduction of protest moods among people with higher incomes and higher education.
Typically, these are people of wide age range. Protest moods are prevalent among students, workers and unemployed citizens, somewhat less among smaller business owners. Men express protest moods more often than women; there are more rural residents among citizens ready for protests.
READINESS FOR PROTESTS BY ISSUES
It should be immediately emphasized that social issues can stir people to protest a lot more than political or ideological issues.
Thus, people are the readiest to personally participate in protest actions in case of delayed payments of salaries or pensions (44%) and sharp rise in prices, inflation (43%). However, even in these issues there are less people who are ready for protests than those who are not ready (48%).
Somewhat fewer people are ready to participate in protest actions in case of increasing utility rates (37% are ready to protest and 54% - are not ready), mass persecution of ordinary citizens by law enforcement authorities (31% are ready to protest and 56% - are not ready), as well as falsification of parliamentary elections (30% are ready to protest and 62% - are not ready), giving control of the Ukrainian gas transport system to Russia (26% are ready to protest and 64% - are not ready), and making the decision of free sale of agricultural land in Ukraine (28% are ready to protest and 65% - are not ready).
Only 20% of respondents are ready to participate in protest actions in case of granting Russian the status of the second official language and 72% - are not ready. On the contrary, only 16% are ready to participate in protest actions in case of prohibiting the usage of Russian in public institutions and 75% - are not ready.
By most of these issues residents of the West of the country are a lot more disposed to protest than residents of other regions. This concerns both socio-economic and ideological issues. The biggest difference with other regions lies in such issues as possible falsification of elections, giving control of the gas transport system to Russia and recognition of the Russian language. At the same time, residents of the South of the country are significantly readier to defend rights of the Russian language in protest actions (even more than residents of the East and Donbas).
The North of the country is the second according to the level of protest moods.
There are other regional peculiarities. For example, the issue of possible persecution of ordinary people by law enforcement authorities can mobilize residents of the Centre of Ukraine to protest, free sale of agricultural land – residents of the South. Increasing utility rates - residents of the East.
As already mentioned, supporters of Freedom are a lot readier to protest than others. This applies both to socio-economic and ideological issues. We can expect the largest protests from supporters of Freedom in cases of delayed payments of salaries and pensions, giving control of the GTS to Russia or oppression of the Ukrainian language. Finally, supporters of Freedom are ready for protests in other cases.
Also, supporters of Batkivshchyna and UDAR are relatively easy to stir up, especially in cases of rise in prices, inflation, increasing utility rates, falsification of elections and possible persecution of ordinary people by law enforcement authorities. Also, the decision of free sale of agricultural land can mobilize supporters of Batkivshchyna to protest.
Supporters of the Party of Regions are readier to participate in actions of protest in cases of rise in prices and utility rates, delayed payments of salaries and pensions than in the case of oppression of the Russian language.
The target audience of the research: the population of Ukraine aged from 18 and older. Optional quantity: 2000 respondents. The methods of investigation: personal formalized interview according to the questionnaire (face to face). Measure of inaccuracy for the values close to 50% is less than 2.2%, for the values close to 30% – less than 2%, for the values close to 10% – less than 1.3. The period of completion: 15-26 of March 2012
The oblast’ distribution:
West: Volyns’ka, Transcarpathia, Ivano–Frankivs’ka, L’vivs’ka, Rivnens’ka, Ternopil’s’ka, Chernivets’ka.
Centre: Vinnyts’ka, Kirovograds’ka, Poltavs’ka, Khmel’nyts’ka, Cherkas’ka.
North: Kyiv, Kyivs’ka, Zhytomyrs’ka, Sums’ka, Chernihivs’ka.
South: AR Crimea, Odes’ka, Khersons’ka, Mykolaivs’ka, Sevastopol
East: Dnipropetrovs’ka, Zaporiz’ka, Kharkivs’ka.
Donbass: Donets’ka, Luhans’ka.