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Украина на карантине: мониторинг общественных настроений

Ukraine under quarantine: monitoring of public moods

Date posted: 01.04.2020 Print Full version

•    According to the survey carried out by the Sociological Group Rating (1st wave - 25-27 March; 2nd –wave - 28-30 March), an absolute majority of respondents believe the coronavirus spread in Ukraine is a real threat. Compared to the start of quarantine, the number of those who see the threat has increased (from 73% to 87%).

•    51% of the polled believe the coronavirus is a real threat to themselves and their families. 41% share the opposing opinion. In the last two weeks, the respondents’ opinion on the matter has remained almost unchanged. Residents of the Western and Central regions of the country and the urban citizens spoke of the threat relatively more often.

•    While assessing the coronavirus infection rate in Ukraine using a 5-point scale, 28% of respondents rated it as very high or high, 34% - as medium, 32% - as low or minimal. Residents of the South, urban citizens, and older people spoke of the high infection rate more often.

•    While assessing the coronavirus infection rate in their region, respondents find it less threatening as compared to the country as a whole. Thus, only 13% of respondents said infection level in their area was high, 65% consider it low or minimal. The latter opinion prevails among the residents of the Eastern regions and rural citizens.

•    Concerning the possible introduction of a state of emergency in Ukraine, respondents' opinions vary: 49% would support such an initiative, 43% would not.

•    Meanwhile, 83% support a possible ban on holding public events, protests, and rallies during the state of emergency in the country. 71% would not mind the possible restrictions of entry and departure for specific cities and regions. 65% would not mind the possible traffic restrictions and vehicles’ inspections; 58% are not against the possible curfew introduction in the cities. At the same time, concerning the possible state right to forcibly dispose the property from legal entities and individuals during the state of emergency, an absolute majority (80%) oppose such measures; only 14% support them.

•    74% believe that fines for quarantine violations should be imposed, 19% stand against such an initiative.

•    58% of the polled consider measures taken by the authorities to combat coronavirus to be optimal. 28% think they are too soft. Only 6% are convinced that these measures are too severe.

•    34% believe the authorities should return all citizens back home after the border is closed, 24% believe they should be returned, but selectively. 34% think that no one should be returned after the border is closed.

•    53% are convinced the authorities reduce the danger while providing information about the coronavirus spread. 21% believe this information is objective, 11% think this information is exaggerated.

•    While assessing the information provided by the Ukrainian media, 38% think they understate the situation, 23% believe the news is objective, and 19% think the information is exaggerated. 21% were unable to answer this question.

•    56% of the respondents believe President Zelensky's reaction to the threat of coronavirus spread in Ukraine is efficient, 30% share the opposing opinion. With regard to the Ministry of Health, 38% of the polled consider the entity's actions to be efficient, 46% - inefficient. As for the Ministry of Internal Affairs, 37% believe the actions of this institution are efficient, 33% - inefficient, 30% - could not assess. With regard to the effectiveness of Prime Minister D.Shmigal's actions, 44% of the polled found it difficult to answer this question. 30% rated them as efficient, 26% - inefficient. Over the last two weeks, assessments of the effectiveness of these institutions' response to the coronavirus threat have increased.

•    Almost 70% believe quarantine is efficient, a quarter shares the opposing opinion. The residents of the South and East, younger respondents and men are more likely to perceive quarantine measures as ineffective. At the same time, almost 80% of the polled support the Government's decision to prolong the quarantine until April 24, 2020.

•    Two-thirds said they had a job prior to quarantine. Among them, 35% indicated that they continued to perform their job as usual after restrictions were imposed. 29% work remotely, 32% are on voluntary leave, and only 4% have lost their jobs.

•    More than half of the polled said they had limited their going-outs because of quarantine. One-third indicated partial restrictions. Only every tenth said they did not comply with quarantine. Residents of the Center, women, and representatives of the eldest age group have mentioned full self-restraint more often.

•    Despite quarantine, 18% of respondents said they were leaving their houses several times a day, 31% - once a day. At the same time, 43% said they went out only once every few days, and 7% try not to go out at all. Urban residents, women, and the eldest respondents mentioned the high level of restrictions on going out most often.

•    The main reason for going outdoors was named the need to visit grocery store (73%). 28% go out because of the need to work, the same number – because of the need to visit the pharmacy. 5-7% said they went outside for a walk with their children, to do sports, or to walk pets. 3-4% go out either to meet with friends/acquaintances or to visit a doctor.

•    52% said they were ready to stay at home without going outside for more than 5 days, subject to a ban on leaving home. 12% said they could stay at home for 4-5 days, 20% - for 2-3 days, 10% - for no more than one day. Most of the latter are recorded among men, those with the lower and highest income. Interestingly, the latter category also has the highest number of those who are ready to stay home quarantined for more than 5 days.

•    Almost 60% of the polled said that their savings should last for less than a month if they stopped earning income. 16% said that they would have enough savings for up to 2 months, 7% - up to 3 months, 6% - up to six months, 3% - up to one year and more.

•    42% indicated that they had enough protective masks, 39% - had some but not enough, and 19% - had none at all. 57% said they had enough disinfectants at home, 29% - had but not enough, 14% - had none. 40% of respondents have sufficient quantity of protective gloves, 23% have insufficient quantity of them, 37% have none. Residents of the Western and Central regions, urban residents, women, and younger respondents are more likely to use protective equipment and disinfectants. Those who have enough of them use them more often.

•    Three-quarters of the polled are concerned about the fact that someone close to them gets sick with a coronavirus, while 58% worry less about their own health, and 42% do not worry.

•    Almost 80% are concerned that a prolonged economic crisis will occur in Ukraine. More than two-thirds are concerned about not being able to buy the medication needed. Almost half are worried that they will not be able to buy the necessary products (52% do not worry). Only 25% are concerned about having to cancel important events or trips, while three quarters do not worry about it.

•    44% rated their emotional state over the last week as calm, 23% rated it as stressful. Higher levels of anxiety were recorded among women and elderly people. 80% of the polled assess the relationship with people they live with as calm over the last week, only 8% - as stressful.

Audience: residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older in all regions except for the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Donbas. The sample is representative in terms of age, gender, region, and settlement type. Total sample: I wave 1000 respondents (25-27 March, 2020 ), ІІ wave 1000 respondents (28-30 March, 2020). The margin of error with confidence level 0.95 does not exceed 4%. Method of the survey: CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviews). Based on a random sampling of mobile phone numbers

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