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Украина в фокусе: социологические измерения

Ukraine in the focus: sociological dimensions

Date posted: 26.06.2017 Print Full version

 • According to the research carried out by the Sociological Group "Rating" on order of the “Focus” magazine, more than 60% of the polled Ukrainians consider the unitary structure to be the best for Ukraine, 20% support the federation, 18% - undecided with the answer. The unitary structure is the most supported by the citizens in the West. Every tenth of those who express distrust for Russia supports the federal structure of Ukraine.

For 40% of the respondents a visa-free regime with the European Union is personally important, for 55% - not important, 7% - undecided. As compared to the 2016 data, these figures almost have not changed. The visa-free regime with the EU is more important for the residents of the Western region and youth and is less important for the respondents of retirement age.
 
A half of the polled believe that Ukraine should become a member of the European Union, 12% - the Customs Union, 28% - support the equidistance from the EU and Russia, every tenth - undecided. Joining the EU is more supported in the West and by youth. Among those who express their distrust for the European Union countries, 15% support joining the EU, 30% - the Customs Union, 45% - equidistance from the EU and Russia.
 
If a referendum on Ukraine joining NATO was held today, 43% would vote "for", 30% - against, 13% - would not vote, and 14% - undecided. Joining NATO is more supported in the West and among youth. Every tenth of those who express their distrust for NATO would support joining it.
 
The most trusted by Ukrainians are Belarus (60%), the European Union and Canada (56% each), and the UN (48%). The most untrusted - Russia (73%). Within the regional context, in the West and Center, the citizens express more confidence in Canada and the EU. Moreover, NATO, the USA, the OSCE, and the IMF are more trusted in the West. Trust in Belarus, the CIS, China, and Russia is more explicit in the South and East of the country.
 
Almost 60% of the polled support the restrictions of economic relations with Russia, nearly 30% - stand either for their extension or non-reduction, 15% - undecided. As compared to the 2016 data, the number of supporters of the restrictions of relations with Russia has somewhat increased. The residents of the East and South, older people, and supporters of the parties "Za Zhyttia" and Opposition Bloc are more likely to support the maintenance or extension of the economic relations with Russia.
 
Nearly 40% support the introduction of a visa regime with Russia, a half - does not support, every tenth - undecided. Over the recent months, the support for the introduction of the visa regime has slightly increased. It is the most supported in the West, by rural citizens, mainly young people, and voters of Svoboda.
 
In terms of resolving problems in Donbas, 40% support the option of completion the ATO up to the full restoration of the Ukrainian authorities throughout all the territory of Donbas, 13% - stand for the provision of broader economic and humanitarian rights to the areas located within the ATO zone, 18% - for the provision of these territories with the autonomy, federal status of the province, but remaining a part of Ukraine. Only 12% approve the separation of these territories from Ukraine, 18% - undecided with the answer. Option of the ATO completion up to the full restoration of Ukrainian authorities in Donbas is the most supported in the Center and West, among rural citizens and youth.
 
43% do not support the decision to block trade flows from the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions controlled by the so-called DNR and LNR, almost the same number (40%) - do support, 17% - undecided. This decision is the most supported in the Western region, among rural residents and young people.
 
More than a half believes that Ukraine should use all the opportunities to return Crimea to Ukraine, a quarter believes that we must accept the transfer of Crimea to Russia, nearly 20% - undecided. The citizens in the West, rural residents, and young people are more likely to support the returning of Crimea to Ukraine.
 
56% of the respondents state that they are somewhat familiar with the contents of the Minsk Agreements, one-third - not familiar, only 7% - are well familiar with their contents, 4% - undecided. The residents of the East, urban citizens, and males are familiar with the Minsk Agreements to a greater extent.
 
Nearly 30% think that Ukraine needs to reconsider the Minsk Agreements and sign new agreements, 16% - support the full implementation of all requirements, 17% - stand for the withdrawal from the negotiations and decision-making without international mediators, 5% - support another option, one-third - undecided on this issue. Full implementation of all requirements of the Minsk Agreements is more supported in the East, by the voters of the parties "Za Zhyttia" and Opposition Bloc. Instead, in the West and Center, among the voters of BPP Solidarnist, Civic Position, and Svoboda the reconsideration of existing agreements and signing of new agreements are more supported.
 
Victory Day (9th May) is considered to be the holiday of a significant symbolism by 82% of the Ukrainians, 7% consider it as a relic of the past, 9% - as an ordinary day or day off, 2% - undecided.
 
More than 70% consider the International Women's Day (8th March) to be the holiday of a significant symbolism, 8% - a relic of the past, 18% - an ordinary day or day off, 2% - undecided.
 
A half of the respondents consider the International Workers' Day to be the holiday of a significant symbolism, 16% - a relic of the past, 31% - an ordinary day or day off, 3% - undecided.
 
The residents of the West, rural citizens, and voters of Svoboda are more likely to believe the above mentioned holidays to be the relic of the past or just ordinary day or day off.
 
Two-thirds of the respondents do not support granting the Russian language with the official state status, 30% - support, 7% - undecided. Over the past two years, there has been a slight increase of support for the Russian language official state status. It is the most supported in the East and South and in the cities.
 
One-third of the polled Ukrainians regret of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, 53% - do not regret, 14% - undecided. Citizens in the Eastern and Southern regions, women and older people, voters of the parties "Za Zhyttia" and Opposition Bloc are the most likely to regret of the Soviet Union collapse.
 
45% of the respondents support a ban on the "heorhievska" ribbon in Ukraine, almost 40% - do not support, 17% - undecided. The most supported the ban is in the West, among young and middle-aged people, and the voters of Svoboda.
 
Almost 60% do not support a ban of the Russian sites in Ukraine, in particular, Odnoklassniki, VKontakte, Yandex; a quarter - supports, 20% - undecided. The most supported the ban is in the West, among people with higher education, the voters of Svoboda, BPP Solidarnist, and Civic Position.
 
More than a half of the respondents believes that the issues of transition of the believers and transfer of the churches and church property from one denomination to another may be decided by the believers, parishioners of the church themselves; 22% - by the governing body of the church, 8% - local priest, 7% - central authorities, 6% - local authorities, 2% - courts, 2% - express different opinion, every fifth - undecided. Residents of the West, rural citizens are more likely to believe that it is the believers, parishioners of the church, or the local priest who can decide on these issues, while in the South and East and among urban residents it is considered that these issues should be solved by the governing bodies of the church.
 
One-third of the polled say that they personally or their family members own land shares. The number of such is the highest in the West - almost a half (47%), the least – in the East (20%). Among the rural citizens the number of the land shares’ owners is three times higher as compared to the urban citizens.
 
Only 11% of the respondents believe that a free sale of the agricultural land should be allowed in Ukraine, 25% believe that the introduction of the free land market now has no relevant conditions, a half of the polled (53%) believes that the land should not be treated as a good at all, 2% - have a different opinion, and 9% - undecided. The development of the free land market is the most supported in the West and among young people.
 
Almost two-thirds (63%) of the polled agree that cooperation between Ukraine and the IMF leads to lower social standards and price increases, 21% - disagree with this statement, 17% - undecided. 53% agree that the countries cooperating with the IMF usually lose more than gain, 21% - disagree, and nearly one-third - undecided on the statement. 45% agree with the statement that the IMF helps Ukraine in the difficult period of time, 38% - disagree, 17% - undecided. 39% believe that cooperation with the IMF promotes reforms in Ukraine, the same number (40%) - disagree, 21% - undecided.
 
The statements that describe the IMF and its cooperation with Ukraine positively are more supported by the voters of BPP Solidarnist and Samopomich and also by those who trust the IMF. At the same time, the statements that describe the IMF negatively are more supported by the voters of the parties "Za Zhyttia" and Opposition Bloc and also by those who do not trust the IMF.
 
19% of the respondents support the initiative to raise the minimum insurance period for a pension up to 25 years while 75% - to some extent do not support this initiative, 6% - undecided. The initiative to raise the retirement age up to 65 years old for men and women is not supported by the vast majority of the respondents (95%), 3% - support, 2% - undecided. The initiative of raising the minimum insurance period for a pension is more supported in the West and South.
 
Almost two-thirds (63%) of the polled support the initiative to introduce compulsory sex education in the teenager school, 23% - do not support, 15% - undecided.
 
38% believe that Ukraine should restore the death penalty, 47% - stand against its recovery, 14% - undecided.
 
A quarter (23%) of the respondents supports the ban on abortion, 63% - do not support, 14% - undecided.
 
The initiative of firearms purchase legalization is supported by 18% of the polled, 77% - do not support it, 5% - undecided.
 
14% of the polled support the legalization of commercial sex service, 79% - do not support, 8% - undecided.
 
Only 6% support the initiative of soft drugs legalization, 90% - do not support, 3% - have no opinion on the matter.
 
In the West, the most supported are the initiatives of recovery of death penalty, ban on abortion, firearms purchase legalization; in the Center – the legalization of commercial sex service is somewhat more supported.
 
Only 6% of the respondents consider the NABU activities in terms of combating bribery as successful, 80% - unsuccessful, 14% - undecided.
 
The majority of the respondents (83%) consider the introduction of more tough criminal penalties to be the most effective method of combating corruption, 8% believe the increase of salaries of officials and public sector employees to be more effective, 9% - undecided.
 
A half of the polled (51%) receives subsidies for utilities, 18% - do not receive them but intend to, 29% - do not receive and do not intend to, 3% - undecided. Compared to November 2016, the number of those who receive subsidies has increased.
 
In the West and Center, the number of those receiving subsidies is higher; in the East, the number of those who do not receive subsidies and do not intend to is the highest. The older the respondents, the more of them are subsidized.
 
More than a half of the respondents believe that the state should provide subsidies for utilities as it does now, 28% believe that it is better to receive financial assistance from the state to increase energy efficiency while paying the full cost tariffs, 17% - undecided. Among those receiving subsidies and those who intend to receive them, the higher support for the state assistance by subsidizing utilities’ payment has been recorded.
 
65% use the Internet at least once a week, 32% - do not use it at all. The most frequent users are young people, the voters of Samopomich, Opposition Bloc, BPP Solidarnist, and Civic Position.
 
48% of the polled use Facebook, 44% - VKontakte, 43% - Odnoklassniki, 12% - Instagram, 8% - Twitter, 8% - another network, 16% - do not use social networks. Western citizens more often use Facebook, Southern - VKontakte and Odnoklassniki.
 
 
Respondents: residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older. The sample is representative in terms of age, gender, region, and place of residence. Total sample: 3000 respondents. Personal formalized interview (face-to-face). The margin of error does not exceed 1,8%. Period of the survey: 22-31 May 2017
 

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