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Женские и мужские профессии

Feminine and masculine professions

Date posted: 08.04.2013 Print Full version

 According to the survey conducted by the Sociological group "Rating", almost 60% of respondents support the idea that some professions are purely "masculine" and some - "feminine." 36% - do not agree with this, and 5% - are undecided.

Respondents were asked to decide on a number of typical jobs: if they are more suitable for men, women, or both.
 
According to respondents, such professions as "policeman", "politician", "businessman", "scientist" are more typical for men rather than women. Instead, such professions as "saleswoman" or "secretary" are more typical for women. At the same time, "manager", "journalist" or "doctor" are equally typical for both men and women.
 
Thus, 56% of women and 63% of men agreed that the profession of "policeman" is more typical for men. However, 56% of women and 64% of men agreed that the profession of "secretary" is more typical for women, at the same time 34% of women and 43% of men agreed that "secretary" is rather a feminine profession.
 
In other cases, respondents were not so categorical. 30% of men and 22% of women agreed that "politician" is rather a masculine profession, however, almost 70% of men and 80% of women believe that this profession is equally suitable for both men and women.
 
25% of men and 19% of women agreed that "businessman" is more of a masculine profession, however, almost 70% of  men and 80% of women believe that this profession is equally suitable for both men and women.
 
21% of men and only 13% of women agreed that "scientist" is rather a masculine profession, however, almost 80% of women and men agreed that this profession is equally suitable for both men and women.
 
From 80% to 90% of men and women believe that such professions as "manager", "journalist" or "doctor" are equally suitable for both men and women.
 
14% of female respondents and 8% of male respondents had a wish to master a profession, which is considered typical for the opposite sex. More often among young people and people with higher education. 80% of women and almost 90% of men did not have such a wish.
 
Almost every tenth female respondent has been denied a job because of her gender. Such responses were often given by middle-aged women with higher education. However, 6% of men have also been denied an employment because of their gender.
 
29% of respondents support the restraint on specifying gender of candidates in job announcements (advertisements), the same number (28%) – do not support it. However, in general - people either do not care (33%) or they are undecided on this issue (10%).
 
Elderly people are the most indifferent towards this issue. People with higher education support the restraint on specifying gender of candidates in job announcements (advertisements) most of all. Both women and men have an equal attitude towards this issue. Only women, who have been denied an employment because of their gender, are a lot more supportive of this idea than the rest of respondents.
 
 
The target audience of the research: the population of Ukraine aged from 18 and older. Optional quantity: 2000 respondents. The methods of investigation: personal formalized interview according to the questionnaire (face to face). Measure of inaccuracy for the values close to 50% is less than 2.8%, for the values close to 30% – less than 2.6%, for the values close to 10% – less than 1.7%. The period of completion: 22-28 of February 2013
 
The oblast’ distribution:
West: Volyns’ka, Transcarpathia, Ivano–Frankivs’ka, L’vivs’ka, Rivnens’ka, Ternopil’s’ka, Chernivets’ka.
Centre: Vinnyts’ka, Kirovograds’ka, Poltavs’ka, Khmel’nyts’ka, Cherkas’ka.
North: Kyiv, Kyivs’ka, Zhytomyrs’ka, Sums’ka, Chernihivs’ka.
South: AR Crimea, Odes’ka, Khersons’ka, Mykolaivs’ka, Sevastopol
East: Dnipropetrovs’ka, Zaporiz’ka, Kharkivs’ka.
Donbass: Donets’ka, Luhans’ka

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