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Общественно-политические настроения жителей Чернигова (10-18 декабря 2022 года)

Socio-political moods of the residents of Chernihiv (December 10-18, 2022)

Date posted: 20.12.2022 Print Full version
The results of a survey conducted by the Sociological Group "Rating" on December 10-18 in Chernihiv revealed that over 60% of the city's residents believe that things are going in the right direction both in Ukraine and in the city: 67% say that things are going in the right direction in Ukraine, 63% - in the city.
The vast majority of Chernihiv residents are confident that Ukraine will be able to beat off the Russian attack (93%), 4% could not answer on the matter, and only 3% are not sure about Ukraine's victory.
63% of the city's residents are convinced that friendly relations between Ukrainians and Russians will never be restored. A quarter assume that the restoration of relations can only happen in 20-30 years, 6% think it will happen in 10-15 years, and only 3% foresee the restoration of friendship in the nearest years (there are more of them among the older and poorer population).
83% of Chernihiv residents are satisfied with the performance of Mayor Atroshenko, 11% are not satisfied, 6% could not rate him. 65% are satisfied with the activities of the Chernihiv City Council, 13% are not satisfied, 23% could not rate it. The performance of Chernihiv Oblast State Administration was assessed almost the same: 60% were satisfied with its activities, 20% were not satisfied, and 20% could not answer on the matter.
The majority of residents are also satisfied with the activities of the local territorial defense: 73% are satisfied, 10% are not satisfied, and 16% could not assess. Among city services, communal institutions were rated the best: 82% were satisfied with their performance and only 13% were dissatisfied. Somewhat lower number are satisfied with the activities of public transport and healthcare facilities in the city: about 70% are satisfied, 13-17% are dissatisfied, and the same number could not answer. 62% are satisfied with the police performance, 16% are not satisfied, and 22% could not assess it. 55% of respondents rated the performance of educational institutions in war conditions positively, 15% were dissatisfied with their activities, and one-third could not provide an answer to this question.
The absolute majority (92%) are satisfied with the quality of city cleaning, and only 4% are not satisfied. Regarding other directions of the authorities’ activities, opinions differ: 40% are satisfied with houses’ reconstruction, 26% are dissatisfied with it, 33% could not rate it; about 40% are also satisfied with the material support of residents, about 30% are not satisfied, and the same number could not answer. Only one-third are satisfied with the organization of bomb shelters, and half of the city's residents are not.
Among local government representatives, city residents expressed the most positive attitude towards the city mayor Vladyslav Atroshenko: 81% reveal a positive attitude towards him, 10% - negative. Mostly, since the beginning of the war, the attitude of the residents towards Mayor Atroshenko has either improved or has not changed: 36% say that the attitude has improved, 51% - nothing has changed, and only 9% - attitude has worsened during the war.
47% of Chernihiv residents are positive towards the head of the Oblast State Administration Vyacheslav Chaus, 29% are negative, 21% have not given an answer, and 3% have not heard of him. 45% reveal a positive attitude towards the secretary of the City Council Oleksandr Lomako, 11% - negative attitude, 20% - undecided, and 24% do not know him. The least known is the head of the Chernihiv Oblast Council, Olena Dmytrenko: 65% do not know her, 20% could not give an answer. 12% are positive towards her, and 3% - negative.
31% of city residents are in a tense emotional state, 33% are in average state of tension, and 34% are in a calm state. Younger people, those with higher income, and men manage to remain calmer.
More than half of Chernihiv residents have close relatives who serve in the war. 12% said that they lost a close relative (husband/wife, parents, children) as a result of the war. Among those whose relatives fought at the front, 16% talk about the loss of a close person.
53% of Chernihiv residents left their homes during the war. Most of them left either to another settlement of Chernihiv region (45%), or to another region within Ukraine (44%). Only 9% of them traveled abroad. Those with higher income more often have left for other regions, while those with lower income more often have stayed within the region. In general, among younger respondents and women, there are more of those who left Chernihiv during the war.
78% of Chernihiv residents plan to stay in the city even if the situation with electricity, water, or heat gets worse, only 12% plan to leave, and 10% do not know what they are to do. In case of an escalation of hostilities near the city/region, the majority of Chernihiv residents are also planning to stay at home: 70% will stay, 15% plan to leave, and 15% have not decided. In general, women, younger people, and those who already left the city during the war are more likely to leave. At the same time, even among those who had previously left Chernihiv during the war, more than 70% agree to stay without communications, and more than 50% - in case of safety situation worsening.
In general, 75% of Chernihiv residents rate it as a safe city to live in: 21% - definitely safe and 54% - rather safe. However, 14% consider Chernihiv not a very safe city: 12% - rather dangerous, 2% - completely dangerous, and 11% - could not give an answer. The level of safety in Chernihiv is more optimistically assessed by those with higher income, men, and younger respondents.
68% of those who had had a job before the start of the full-scale invasion of Russia continue to work in the usual mode. 5% work remotely, 5% have found a new job. By contrast, 21% are currently unemployed. Relatively higher number of the latter is recorded among the elderly and those with lowest income.
45% noted that their income has decreased as compared to the pre-war level (19% – somewhat, 26% – significantly). 4% have lost their sources of income at all. 46%, on the other hand, noted that nothing has changed in their financial situation. Representatives of the middle-aged group, those with lowest income, and those who have lost their jobs mentioned financial difficulties most often.
Despite the fact that about a half of the respondents experience income decrease, 82% of Chernihiv residents said that they were ready to endure financial difficulties as long as necessary for the sake of victory over Russia. Along with that, there are no significant differences in property or age categories.
25% indicated that their houses had been damaged since the beginning of the full-scale invasion of Russia: 22% - partial damage, 3% - significant damage, uninhabitable housing. 70% of respondents whose houses were damaged during the war said the repair of the premises had already begun: 59% spoke about the start of partial repair, 11% - major repair. 28%, on the other hand, noted that the repair has not yet started. Most of the latter are among those whose housing is almost or completely destroyed.
77% of those whose homes were damaged noted that they carried out repairs at their own expense. Only 9% said that the repairs were done with state funds, 6% - with funds from international organizations, 5% - with funds from volunteers or charitable foundations, and 3% - with funds from relatives and friends.
71% of all respondents are convinced that houses should be rebuilt as soon as possible, 17% said that it is necessary to wait for the end of the war. At the same time, 51% are convinced that the central government should finance the restoration of damaged buildings, 37% believe that it should be done by international organizations, and 34% - by local government.
49% of Chernihiv residents indicated that they were ready to personally (financially or participating in construction) take part in the reconstruction of the city. 37% would like to join, but cannot; 9% consider it not their business. The willingness to participate in the reconstruction was most often expressed by men, those younger and with higher income.
Two-thirds reveal a negative attitude towards the idea of creating a military-civilian administration in Chernihiv and suspending the power of the mayor and the city council for the period of martial law in Ukraine. 18% support such an initiative.
71% of respondents are well aware of the decision of the Yavoriv District Court, according to which the mayor of Chernihiv, Vladyslav Atroshenko, was deprived of the right to hold the position of mayor for one year. 22% have heard something about it. 73% of Chernihiv residents do not support such a decision of the court, only 14% support it. 62% are convinced that such a decision is pressure on local authorities, 18% believe that it is a fight against corruption.
Audience: the citizens of Chernihiv aged 18 and older. The sample is representative in terms of age and gender. Sample: 1000 respondents. Personal formalized interview (face-to-face). The margin of error of the study: does not exceed 3.1%. Dates of the survey: December 10-18, 2022.

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