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Чем гордятся украинцы и россияне и что для них означает патриотизм

Date posted: 16.11.2010 Print Full version

The vast majority of Ukrainians (76%) and Russians (84%) consider themselves patriots. It is worth noting that, according to the survey, among Ukrainians there turned out to be two times more respondents (than among Russians), who found difficulty in answering the question "How would you describe yourself - as a patriot of your country or not?"

In Russia primarily residents of Moscow and St. Petersburg called themselves patriots. In Ukraine, - residents of the Center, of the North and of the West.

Only one in ten respondents admitted that they have no patriotism for their country. In Russia, they are mostly residents of small towns, in Ukraine – residents of Donbas. Residents of Ukrainian cities are less patriotic than residents of Ukrainian villages.

Both in Russia and in Ukraine young people feel the least patriotic, while elderly people are the most patriotic.

The main reason to be proud of the country for Ukrainians is a place where they were born and raised (33%), as well as the land on which they live (31%).

For Russians, the main reason to be proud of their country is its historic past (47%). Among Ukrainians there are half as many people like that (25%).

According to the survey conducted in two countries, Russians are much more proud of their literature and art as compared to Ukrainians (17% vs. 9%), as well as of the military power of their country (16% vs. 3%).

In turn, Ukrainians are more proud of great men of their nationality than Russians (28% vs. 22%), of the state in which they live (25% vs. 19%), of spiritual qualities of the people (20% vs. 15%), and of the national language (17% vs. 13%).

Ukrainians are also proud of their diligence and of their household skills (21% vs. 6%), of national songs, holidays and customs (20% of Ukrainians against 12% of Russians), of national faith and religion (17% vs. 9%).

In addition, for 9% of Ukrainians and 9% of Russians the reasons to be proud of their country are its flag, emblem and anthem. For 12% of Ukrainians and 11% of Russians – victories of athletes of their country. For 14% of Ukrainians and 10% of Russians - the graves of their ancestors and their remembrance.

In the regional context the following peculiarities should be noted. For residents of the Southern Ukraine the main reason to be proud of their country is the place where they were born and raised. Our diligence and household skills are making residents of the Central Ukraine especially proud. For residents of the Western Ukraine a special reason for pride is the national language. Spiritual qualities of the people are a reason for pride, foremost, for the residents of the Eastern Ukraine. For residents of Donbas victories of athletes of their land are special reason to be proud of their country.

In addition, residents of Donbas, of the South and the East of Ukraine have mentioned its historic past as a reason to be proud of their country. Residents of the Centre of Ukraine - the great men of their nationality. In the West of Ukraine - religion.

45% of Ukrainians and 48% of Russians believe that true patriotism manifests itself in respecting traditions. 46% of Russians and only 36% of Ukrainians believe it lies in strengthening the family and raising children.

However, for 22% of Ukrainians and only 14% of Russians, patriotism manifests itself in voting for patriotic parties and politicians during the elections, for 18% Ukrainians and only 9% of Russians - in participation in patriotic organizations, for 14% of Ukrainians and only 10% of Russians - in constructive criticism of their country’s disadvantages.

It is interesting that 13% of Russians and 9% of Ukrainians believe that true patriotism is manifested in conversations and discussions with friends on patriotic topics.

In addition, 29% of Ukrainians and 26% of Russians believe that true patriotism lies in working with full dedication in their profession, 22% of Ukrainians and 19% of Russians - in celebrating historical events.

Middle-aged Russians are more likely to find true patriotism in strengthening the family and in raising children, young people - in celebrations of historical dates.

The same tendencies are characteristic of Ukrainians. In addition, middle-aged Ukrainians and Russians are more likely to believe that true patriotism lies in voting for patriotic parties and politicians during the elections.

Residents of the South of Ukraine are more likely to find true patriotism in strengthening of the family and in raising children, of the Central Ukraine - in working with full dedication in their profession, of the Western Ukraine - in voting for patriotic parties and politicians during the elections, as well as in participation in patriotic organizations, of the Northern Ukraine - in celebrations of historical events and anniversaries, of Donbas -  in respecting traditions.

Moreover, every fifth resident of Donbas and of the Western Ukraine (more often than in other regions) sees true patriotism in constructive criticism of the country’s disadvantages.

57% of Ukrainians and 58% of Russians identify themselves primarily as citizens of their countries: Ukraine and Russia, respectively. It is worth noting that, according to VCIOM, in two years the number of Russians who identify themselves as citizens of Russia has decreased from 70% to 58%.

Though, since 2006 the number of respondents who answered the question “Who am I?” with the word “man” is increasing in Russia (from 24% to 30%).

26% of Ukrainians have also identified themselves with the word "man".

However, 29% of Ukrainians and only 19% of Russians define themselves as citizens of their region, city or village. 24% of Ukrainians and only 18% of Russians identify themselves by ethnicity (would mention their nationality).

It should be noted that about 70% of residents of the Western and the Central Ukraine and only 44% of residents of the South and Donbas defined themselves as citizens of Ukraine. 38% of residents of the West and 36% of residents of the North of Ukraine, and only 12% of southerners and 14% of Donbas residents identify themselves by nationality.

In turn, 38% of respondents in Donbas, 31% - in the South vs 18% - in the West of Ukraine identified themselves as residents of their region, city or village.

43% of residents of Donbas (approximately twice as much as in other regions) would answer the question "Who am I?" with the word "man".

It is interesting that 15% of Russians, and only 8% of Ukrainians consider themselves to be Soviet citizens. In Ukraine, residents of the South believe it the most (14%).

In addition, 17% of Russians and 16% of Ukrainians define themselves through their family roles (father, wife, grandmother, etc.).

7% of Russians and 6% of Ukrainians define themselves as members of certain professional groups. 5% of Russians and 6% of Ukrainians would mention their religious beliefs, 6% of Russians and 4% of Ukrainians consider themselves cosmopolitans (or citizens of the world), 2% of Russians and 5% of Ukrainians think of themselves as of Europeans.

The release has been made on the basis of the research conducted by the Sociological Group "Rating" (Ukraine) in September 2010 (2000 interviewed respondents, the error does not exceed 3%) and VCIOM (Russia) in June 2010 (1600 interviewed respondents, the error does not exceed 3,4%).

The target audience of the research: the population of Ukraine aged from 18 and older. Optional quantity: 2000 respondents. The methods of investigation: personal formalized interview according to the questionnaire (face to face). Measure of inaccuracy for the values close to 50% is less than 3%, for the values close to 30% – less than 2,6%, for the values close to 10% – less than 1,8. The period of completion: 9-16 of September 2010

The oblast’ distribution:

West: Volyns’ka, Transcarpathia, Ivano–Frankivs’ka, L’vivs’ka, Rivnens’ka, Ternopil’s’ka, Chernivets’ka.
Centre: Vinnyts’ka, Kirovograds’ka, Poltavs’ka, Khmel’nyts’ka, Cherkas’ka.
North: Kyiv, Kyivs’ka, Zhytomyrs’ka, Sums’ka, Chernihivs’ka.
South: AR Crimea, Odes’ka, Khersons’ka, Mykolaivs’ka, Sevastopol
East: Dnipropetrovs’ka, Zaporiz’ka, Kharkivs’ka.
Donbass: Donets’ka, Luhans’ka.