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Оценка ситуации в стране (19-22 октября 2019 года)

Assessment of the situation in Ukraine (19-22 October, 2019)

Date posted: 24.10.2019 Print Full version

•    According to the survey carried out by the Sociological Group Rating on October 19-22, 2019, 18% of the respondents believe the economic situation in the country has improved over the last 12 months, 47% think it has not changed, and 29% state the situation has worsened. Similar assessments have also been made with regards to the financial situation of households: 17% believe the situation has improved, 53% have not seen any changes, and 30% mentioned worsening. Considering the dynamics since the beginning of the year, the number of those who had negatively assessed the economic situation both in the country and within own households has decreased half as much.

•    On the background of an increase in optimistic attitudes in the country resulting from the presidential elections, positive expectations for the future have also grown. Thus, these days, 45% of the polled believe the economic situation in Ukraine will improve in the next 12 months, 26% think it will not change, and only 15% demonstrate negative expectations. 15% could not answer this question.

•    Considering the majority of the services and public goods, respondents have mentioned either positive developments or lack of changes. Considering the annual dynamics, positive trend was recorded referring all the spheres. The respondents have noted the most positive changes in terms of roads: almost 40% reported improvements. Positive changes in the national currency rate were reported by 31%. 23% have seen an improvement considering the situation with freedom of expression and democracy.

•    21% reported an improvement in Ukraine's international image, 19% - considering the relations between Ukraine and the West, 18% - referring the job opportunities, 17% - fight against corruption. 14% - political stability. 13% have seen improvements in terms of the war in Donbas issue.

•    Despite the overall positive dynamics, the respondents were more likely to notice worsening in terms of certain spheres. Thus, changes in such areas as healthcare quality (45% reported deterioration, 12% - improvement, 30% - lack of changes), road safety (46% - deterioration, 12% - improvement, 34% - lack of changes), tariffs for communal utilities (52% - deterioration, 8% - improvement, 3% - lack of changes), prices for basic goods and services (73% - deterioration, 18% - lack of changes, and only 3% - improvement) have been assessed rather negatively.

•    71% stated that peace is what Ukraine lacks the most today. 43% believe that Ukraine needs order, 40% - stability, 37% - unity, 36% - prosperity, 30% - development and justice, 8% - influence in the world. Over the last three months, the demand for all the categories listed has grown, most notably in terms of peace and order.

•    The largest threat for Ukraine today is the massive migration of Ukrainians abroad (56%). About 45% think the economic decline and nation’s poverty are the threats. 30% to 40% mention among the threats such issues as deterioration of the nation's health, environmental disasters, a full-scale war with Russia, growth of crime, and degradation and population extinction. 20% to 30% speak of collapse of the country, hryvnia devaluation, anarchy and riots. 13% to 17% believe the threats are dictatorship establishment, famine, international isolation of Ukraine, and terrorism. Over the last three months, the relevance of threats such as deterioration of the nation's health, environmental disasters, and war with Russia have increased significantly. Instead, the threat of hryvnia devaluation and inflation has decreased.

•    On the background of positive expectations and general optimistic moods during the post-election period, trust in the majority of institutions has increased. The highest number of positive changes was recorded in terms of the central authorities: the President, the Government, and the Parliament.

•    Volunteers (69%), ATO veterans (67%), the President of Ukraine (66%), and the army (65%) are the most trusted these days. The church also has a high level of trust (56%).

•    NGOs are trusted by 48% of the respondents, city/village mayors – by 47%, National Guard – 46%, Government – 45%, Verkhovna Rada – 44%, local media – 43%, national media – 42%, Security Service of Ukraine – 38 %, oblast state administrations – 32%.

•    Other institutions are rather mistrusted. Thus, the police is not trusted by 49% and trusted by 31%, the border guard service - 41% and 23% respectively, the State Investigation Bureau - 41% and 23%, the tax authorities - 50% and 20%, the customs authorities - 51% and 19% , the NABU - 49% and 17%, the National Anti-Corruption Agency - 48% and 15%.

•    The Ukrainians mistrust the most the prosecuting authorities (62%) and the courts (66%). Only 14-15% do trust these entities.

Audience: residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older. The sample is representative in terms of age, gender, region, and settlement type. Total sample: 2500 respondents. Personal formalized interview (face-to-face). The margin of error does not exceed 2.0%. Period of the survey: 19-22 October, 2019.

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