According to the relative majority of respondents, the most optimal polity in Ukraine is presidential-parliamentary (35%) or presidential (26%).
According to 16% of respondents the optimal polity is parliamentary-presidential, 4% - parliamentary and 3% - dictatorship. Another 16% have not decided on this issue.
Compared to the similar research conducted in October 2009 – before presidential elections - support for presidential-parliamentary and presidential polities has increased, while support for parliamentary-presidential, parliamentary, and dictatorship polities has somewhat decreased.
Primarily it was due to changes in the attitude towards this issue among residents of the South and of Donbas, after the electoral victory of President Viktor Yanukovych.
However, in the West and especially in the North the attitude towards presidential and parliamentary-presidential polities changed for the worse, particularly among supporters of Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc. It happened primarily because of the electoral defeat of Yulia Timoshenko.
However, supporters of Our Ukraine and Freedom sympathize presidential (38% to 44%) and presidential-parliamentary (32% to 37%) polities in Ukraine the most, leaving behind the supporters of the Party of Regions.
As for supporters of the Party of Regions, it should be noted that after Viktor Yanukovych was elected the President, the number of adherents of parliamentary-presidential and parliamentary polities decreased by nearly a half.
Supporters of S. Tihipko and Yulia Tymoshenko consider mixed systems the most optimal: presidential- parliamentary (45%) or parliamentary-presidential (19%) polities.
Adherents of Lytvyn Bloc (35%) support parliamentary-presidential polity the most.
Communists are traditionally the most sympathetic to dictatorship (8%). However, despite the fact that the party leader P. Symonenko advocated elimination of the presidency institution in Ukraine, the CPU supporters continue considering presidential (36%) and presidential-parliamentary (23%) polities as the most optimal polities for Ukraine.
Respondents with higher education and young people aged 18-29 years support parliamentary-presidential polity (20%) more than others.
Presidential polity was mostly supported by respondents with a low level of education (36%) and by pensioners (31%).
The target audience of the research: the population of Ukraine aged from 18 and older. Optional quantity: 2000 respondents. The methods of investigation: personal formalized interview according to the questionnaire (face to face). Measure of inaccuracy for the values close to 50% is less than 3%, for the values close to 30% – less than 2,6%, for the values close to 10% – less than 1,8. The period of completion: 16-24 of April 2010
The oblast’ distribution:
West: Volyns’ka, Transcarpathia, Ivano–Frankivs’ka, L’vivs’ka, Rivnens’ka, Ternopil’s’ka, Chernivets’ka.
Centre: Vinnyts’ka, Kirovograds’ka, Poltavs’ka, Khmel’nyts’ka, Cherkas’ka.
North: Kyiv, Kyivs’ka, Zhytomyrs’ka, Sums’ka, Chernihivs’ka.
South: AR Crimea, Odes’ka, Khersons’ka, Mykolaivs’ka, Sevastopol
East: Dnipropetrovs’ka, Zaporiz’ka, Kharkivs’ka.
Donbass: Donets’ka, Luhans’ka.