OPERATIONAL PRIORITIES FOR THE GOVERNMENT
Top priorities for the authorities are in the first place reducing unemployment (51%), increasing salaries (49%) and pensions (40%) and reducing corruption (38%).
In addition, about one third name price stabilization, stable rate of hryvnya, improvement of health care and support of agriculture among key objectives of the government. Nearly a quarter mentioned support of industry and affordable housing for citizens.
Every sixth requires authorities to provide control of the state machinery, to support small and medium business, to prevent secession within the country and to improve relations with Russia.
Every tenth expects the government to enhance the level of education in the country and to reform housing and public utilities.
Only about 7% of respondents name granting Russian the status of the second state language, 5% - transferring to a professional army, 4% - continuing the country's European integration course among operational priorities of the government.
It is necessary to emphasize certain demographic characteristics of respondents’ responses.
Thus, reducing unemployment and increasing wages are key priorities for the authorities in all regions.
Reducing corruption is particularly acute for the West and the North.
Price stabilization is more relevant to Donbas and stable rate of hryvnya - to the West.
Improving health care is of great importance to the North, to the South and to Donbas. Affordable housing is demanded in the West, in the North and in the East.
Support of industrial development is a specific priority for Donbas. The reform of housing and public utilities – for Donbas, the North and the East.
Russian as the state language is among special governmental priorities only to residents of the South (as well as improving relations with Russia), while for the West it is important to prevent secession within the country.
Young people name reducing unemployment and corruption, increasing wages, supporting small and medium business, affordable housing and enhancing the level of education as key priorities of the government
Older respondents, particularly pensioners, name increasing pensions, improving health care and improving relations with Russia as priorities of the government.
It is interesting that pensioners mostly emphasize the need to stabilize prices for primary goods and services, while young people underline the necessity to stabilize hrivnya.
Respondents with a higher level of education emphasize the need to reduce corruption, support small and medium businesses, provide affordable housing and reform tax legislation.
Growth of pensions is among the priorities for the least educated citizens.
OPERATIONAL PRIORITIES FOR THE OPPOSITION
The majority sees controlling the fulfillment of governmental promises (46%), preventing deterioration of citizens’ living standards (43%), providing control of the budget (40%) and exposing corruption in a new government (38%) as the operational priorities for the opposition.
Also, about a quarter of respondents name avoiding secession within the country as one of the priority tasks of the opposition, almost every fifth respondent – defending freedom of speech, almost every tenth respondent - protecting business from governmental pressure, protecting Ukrainian as the only state language, and resisting power usurpation.
Up to 10% of respondents among oppositional priorities emphasized unification of the opposition to effectively counteract the government, maintaining their political teams and providing broader rights for the opposition.
Only 6% of respondents named protecting European integration course and counteracting possible curtailment of democracy among leading priorities for the opposition.
Various forms of oppositional protest (actions, early elections, impeachment) have found support with only 3% of respondents.
It is also necessary to emphasize certain demographic characteristics of respondents’ responses.
Thus, residents of the West, the North, the South and Donbas see controlling the fulfillment of governmental promises among the main tasks of the opposition.
Residents of the East believe that one of the main priorities of the opposition is preventing deterioration of citizens’ living standards.
Residents of the North and the East think that providing control of the budget and exposing corruption in the government is one of the priorities of the opposition.
Protecting Ukrainian as the only state language is considered to be one of the key priorities of the opposition in the West. Preventing secession within the country and defending freedom of speech are also important in this region.
In the North it is advised to seek broader rights for the opposition, while in the West it is advised to protect European integration course of the country and to counteract possible curtailment of democracy.
Almost every tenth resident of the Center advised the opposition to unite to effectively counteract the government.
The majority of populaion who have not decided on operational priorities for the opposition are in Donbas (23%), the minority is in the West (6%).
The analysis of respondents’ replies gives reason to affirm that people place practically identical tasks both to the government and to the opposition, based on their problems and feelings.
If among key challenges for the government respondents gave prominence to reducing unemployment, increasing salaries and pensions, then for the opposition the challenges were controlling the fulfillment of governmental promises and preventing deterioration of citizens’ living standards.
If people’s requirements to the government are to reduce corruption, then requirements to the opposition are to provide control of the budget and to expose corruption in a new government.
If respondents advise the authorities to support small and medium businesses, the advice to the opposition is to protect business from governmental pressure, etc.
Thus, most respondents understand the roles of the government and the opposition in the country as of inrerrelated institutions which increase the effeciveness of each other’s performance, and in case of execution of their functions secure leading priorities of the citizens: WORK and WELFARE.
The target audience of the research: the population of Ukraine aged from 18 and older. Optional quantity: 2000 respondents. The methods of investigation: personal formalized interview according to the questionnaire (face to face). Measure of inaccuracy for the values close to 50% is less than 3%, for the values close to 30% – less than 2,65, for the values close to 10% – less than 1,8. The period of completion: 16-24 of April 2010.
The oblast’ distribution:
West: Volyns’ka, Transcarpathia, Ivano–Frankivs’ka, L’vivs’ka, Rivnens’ka, Ternopil’s’ka, Chernivets’ka.
Centre: Vinnyts’ka, Kirovograds’ka, Poltavs’ka, Khmel’nyts’ka, Cherkas’ka.
North: Kyiv, Kyivs’ka, Zhytomyrs’ka, Sums’ka, Chernihivs’ka.
South: AR Crimea, Odes’ka, Khersons’ka, Mykolaivs’ka, Sevastopol
East: Dnipropetrovs’ka, Zaporiz’ka, Kharkivs’ka.
Donbass: Donets’ka, Luhans’ka.